animals that start with the letter c

QUICK! How many animals can you name where the animals that start with the letterĀ  ‘C’? Yes, we are back at it again. We helped you with several animal names beginning with a and b, and now we are here with animal names that start with C. There were so many animals, but we only had so much time.

So here is our list of all the animals that start with C. Read all of them with interesting facts and information about each of them.


If you ever come across a Caecilian, you might think it is an earthworm. If you come across quite a large Caecilian, you may freak out, thinking it is a snake. A caecilian is an aquatic limbless amphibian. Caecilians probably eat smaller earthworms as they have a pretty carnivorous diet of insects, invertebrates, and even smaller fishes.

Caecilian can be found in wet tropical regions like South-East Asia, parts of East & West Africa, Northern & Eastern South America and Islands country of Seychelles.


Caimans are very similar to Alligators from our list of animals starting with A. However, they are different enough to be listed under a completely different sub-family called Caimaninae. They are much smaller than Alligators and grow not much bigger than 3 meters on average. Caimans are found all over freshwaters of Central America and Northern South America but also travel to brackish water.

Juvenile Caimans limit to crustaceans and mollusks, but as they grow up to be more proficient hunters, they will eat sizeable fishes, birds, even mammals, and other reptiles.


Camels are mostly domesticated desert-dwelling animals recognizable for a large hump in its back. Historical records show camel domestication from as far back as 2500 BC to 3000 BC in Asia and Arab. Only a few wild camels can be found today, excluding a good number still roaming free in the Gobi desert.

There are only three extant species of camel in the world currently; the single-humped Dromedary (94% of the camel population), the double-humped Bactrian camel (Rest of the camel population) and the wild Bactrian camel which is greatly endangered for extinction. Camels are certainly our favorite domesticated animals that start with c.

Capybara/Lesser Capybara

Capybaras are other closely related animals to one of the animals from our list of animals, starting with A, agouti. Capybaras are the giant rodents in the world native to South America (today found in all SA countries except Chile), who are also related to guinea pigs and Rock Cavies.

We also list the lesser Capybara in this category because, despite shortcomings in weight and size, they are almost the same as Capybaras even when being listed as a completely different species. Capybaras are herbivore who feed on both terrestrial and aquatic vegetation, but they can be very picky eaters


Our second medium-sized cat on this list, Caracal, is a long-legged feline from Africa, middle-east, central Asia, and India. Like most medium-sized cats, they prey on small mammals, birds, and rodents. Their small face, long legs, and robust body make them excellent hunters, and ancient Egyptians even used to tame and use them for hunting. They are nocturnal, territorial, and solitary, but they may live in pairs as well.


Carp is a very famous oily freshwater fish. A carp technically refers to a large chunk of the Cyprinidae family, but due to the uncanny similarities, even larger fishes of completely separate Genus are considered as carp, e.g., Common Carp, Crucian Carp, etc. Smaller carps are famous aquarium fishes, while larger carps are beloved as food and fishing. Goldfish and Koi are both domesticated descendants of certain carp sub-species. What do you think? Aren’t carps from animals that start with C, probably the most famous fish you have heard of?


You will probably laugh at someone if s/he said they were afraid of birds, but we bet you would change your mind if you knew about the Cassowary. The cassowary has been informally called ‘the world’s most dangerous bird’ and all for the right reason. If you are not intimidated by this third tallest and second heaviest bird on the planet, its reputation certainly will.

It looks almost pre-historic with its dinosaur-like physicality. They mainly feed on fruits and seeds, but they are omnivores who also eat fungi, invertebrates, and small vertebrates. It is notorious for its long, razor-like nails that can grow up to 4 inches. A man who kept it as a pet is the USA was killed in April 2018 after being attacked.

The cassowary is found in New Guinea, Southernmost Indonesia, Maluku Islands, and Northeastern Australia. There are three living species and one extinct species of Cassowary identified. You must be surprised to learn that a bird is one of the most dangerous animals that start with C in a list, which includes crocodiles and cobras.


Cats may be the animals most of you are very familiar with. They are domestic animals kept as pets, farm animals, or feral cats who live in human civilization. Cats were thought to be domesticated only since ancient Egypt, where it is even religiously symbolic. However, a skeleton of an African cat was excavated from a Neolithic grave dating back to 7500 BC. So, the chances are that Cats were domesticated for that period of time.

Despite being domestic animals, cats like their wild and bigger relatives show heightened senses of sound, taste, vision, and feel. Cats are very picky eaters. They will avoid new food as well as food items they once had a very bad experience consuming. Cats will judge their food on temperature, smell, and texture, among other things.


Contrary to belief, a caterpillar is not a different type of animal. Rather, a caterpillar is a larvae stage of various other insects’ species, particularly Lepidoptera (butterflies & moths). Most caterpillars are the second stage of a butterfly’s life cycle. It hatches from its egg stage and will then start to feed and collect energy necessary to survive through the cocoon stage. Caterpillars are either herbivore who will feed on just plants, but some will eat ants and other farm crop-destroying insects.


Centipedes are multi-legged Arthropods, very similar to the millipede, which we will read more about in animal names that start with M soon enough. For now, focusing on centipedes, Calling them multi-legged with be an understatement as their name in Latin means “100 legs.”

Centipede’s diet is not very well-known, but their stomach contents don’t show any signs of a herbivore diet. Centipedes are nocturnal animals that will most likely kill and eat any animal it can find. Its prey ranges from small insects to small mammals, bats and birds. They mostly prey on animals with body surface soft enough to pierce their venomous forcipules. Similarly, centipedes also fall prey to larger animals like mongoose, mice, salamanders, beetles, and snakes. Centipedes might not be that harmful to humans, but they should be considered as one of the most dangerous animals that start with C, just because of their ability to make our skin crawl. Ugh…


We had already talked a little about chimpanzees when we talked about their common family of apes. Chimpanzees are mostly found in the tropical forests and savannahs of Africa. Chimpanzees are slightly bigger and robust then Bonobos but not as much as Gorillas.

They are omnivores with the majority of an herbivore diet, but they also eat insects, honey, small birds, their eggs, and even smaller primates and warthogs. Chimpanzees are highly intelligent animals which they display through their communication skills, tools utilization, and communal bonds. Chimpanzees would probably be the smartest animal starting with the letter C.


There are two species of Chinchillas rare and almost-extinct rodents found in Chile, South America. Chinchillas used to be found in Bolivia, Peru, and Argentina as well, but the Bolivian/Peruvian or Royal Chinchillas are almost extinct, while another species called the lesser chinchilla can be found in herds in Coastal forests of Chile.

Domesticated Chinchillas are also now common as they have become quite popular pets though they require special dental care, exercise, temperature, and hygiene.


Chipmunks are rodents belonging to the same Sciuridae family and the genus; they can be found of three different species based on their habitat. Tamias, which only has one living species, eastern chipmunk, Eutamis, which also has only one living member, the Siberian chipmunk, and Neotamias, which has over 23 species. The Siberian chipmunk is native to Asia, while all others are from North America.


A civet is a nocturnal carnivorous animal found all over tropical woodlands, savannahs, and mountain biomes of Africa and Asia. You may remember civet mentioned in the Morgan Freeman and Jack Nicholson movie ‘The Bucketlist.’ In the movie, Freeman’s character reveals to Nicholson’s character that the coffee he so enjoys is made after a species of Civet from Vietnam and Philippines eats, partly digest, and excretes coffee berries.

Civet population is also decreasing through hunting and direct and indirect poisoning. They also die due to habitat loss from human civilizations.


Clam is a common term used to define a large number of species from the bivalve mollusks family. Generally, only edible species are revered to as Clam. Clams also generally comprise two equal-hard shells that hide its muscular body, including a very strong muscular foot, which bears a resemblance to its tongue. However, species like Razor clam also exist, which have a cylindrical elongated body. Are you surprised to learn that this animal starting with C has the lengthiest longevity of all the animals?

Clownfish (Anemone Fish)

Twenty-nine species of Amphiprion genera fishes and one fish from genera Premnus together make up for what is commonly known as a clownfish. Clownfish are mostly found in different shades of red, yellow, black, but mostly red and orange with white stripes or patches. Many people only think of clownfish as orange and white, like the main characters of the famous Disney movie ‘Finding Nemo.’

Clownfishes are also called anemonefish because they take shelter in Sea Anemones, which are venomous to other fish. Clown Fish also gets food from the leftover chunks of sea anemone’s fish as well as its deadly tentacles.


Cobra is one of the Dangerous venomous snakes in the world, most of which come from the Elapidae family and genus Naja except one. The false water cobra found in South America also is classified as a cobra. Among its many other species are the spitting cobra, named aptly for its ability to shoot or spray venom. It can blind humans and animals by doing so. Similarly, we can’t talk about cobras without King Cobra, a large species. One of the many reasons it’s given the title of King is for its merciless trait of cannibalism. Yes, King Cobras will eat other cobras and snakes that are as big as its own size. This animal, which starts with C, certainly lives up to its infamous nature.


A total of 4600 cockroach species roam the earth, of which almost 30 live amongst humans, and 4 are known pests. Cockroaches are one of the oldest species of animals dating as far back as the Carboniferous period, which was 320 million years ago. Despite being a small insect, Cockroaches are a very sturdy creature, which is how they have outlived every other animal in the timeline since existence.


Corals refer to marine invertebrates that tend to live in compact colonies of identical but different Polyps. They compose of coral reefs with hard exoskeletons, which play an important part in the survival of marine life. Unfortunately, over 10% of Coral reefs in the world are dead, and 60% are at risk due to human-related activities like pollution, destructive commercial fishing techniques, and pollution. While they might even not look like living creatures, this animal is the marine equivalent of bees from animals that start with the letter ‘B.’


Cougar is one of the largest cats in the world native to the Americas from the Yukon, Canada, to the Andes, South America. Such a wild spanning territory means they are called by many names, mountain lion, puma, red tiger, and catamount. Its wide span also means it can be found in forest, lowland and mountainous deserts. Cougars will hunt and eat everything from insects to ungulates.


Large-sized Ungulates domesticated in great numbers, as livestock for meat, milk, and hide are known as cows or cattle. Cows are herbivores who feed poor digestible grass. They are known to store their food the first time they eat it. They regurgitate and eat it again, a process known as cud-chewing. There are over 1.4 billion cattle in the world, so they are probably the largest population in animals starting with C.


Coyotes are wild canines a little bigger than jackals and smaller than wolves found in America. For that reason are also called the American Coyote and historically Prairie or bush wolf. Coyotes are highly adaptable in any environment, which is why so many can even be found in urban areas. Coyotes will also hunt for any animal small or big but prefer sizeable ungulates. They will hunt in packs to take down larger prey.


Crabs are perhaps the most famous of all crustaceans that are found in saltwater, freshwater, and land near a water body around the world. Many species share the crab name, but surprisingly, not all are true crabs; Hermit crabs, king crabs, horseshoe, etc. are some examples. Crabs are mostly distinguished for their hard armored exterior and a set on pinchers. Over 20% of all crustaceans consumed by humans are crabs.


Cranes refer to 15 different species of birds easily recognized as to their long necks and long legs. Cranes are not to be confused with similar-looking but unrelated birds, heron. Cranes are found in all continents except Antarctica and South America. They eat grains, berries, fish, amphibians, and small rodents. Cranes vary in size, but still, they are, in general, known as the tallest flying birds.


Crocodile includes a set of semi-aquatic reptiles under the family Crocodilae found in the Americas, Africa, Asia, and Australia. Due to their uncanny resemblance, Alligators, Caimans, and Gharials are also called crocodiles, but they are not truly crocodile. While species like Osteolaemus grow not over 2 meters, other species like Saltwater Crocs can grow up to 7m.


Cuscus is very rare animals found in only 4 different genera and are considered a part of the Possum family. They are natives to Australia, Indonesia, Sunda, and the Maluku Islands. They might be confused with very similar looking Sunda Slow Loris, which actually belongs to the primate family while Cuscus is marsupials.


Some of the most alien-looking marine beings, the Cuttlefish, is found in temperate and tropical ocean waters of the Mediterranean, Africa, Australia, Europe, East, and South Asia. Cuttlefish, unlike common mollusks, have a hardened shell inside their body known as the cuttlebone and ‘W’ shaped pupils. They also have a denticulated sucking mouth covered by 8 legs and 2 tentacles, which they use to grab and eat their prey. We end the list of animals that start with C with yet another unique animal.

Table of Animals Names Starting from ‘C’

Animal Name Starting with ‘C’ Phylum Class Scientific Name Life Span
Caecilian Chordata Amphibia Apoda


4-5 years in the wild. Smithsonian’s National Zoo is house to Caecilians well over 10 years old
Caiman Chordata Reptilia Caiman Minimum recorded lifespan of Caiman in 24 years, but on average, they live only 20 years in captivity. In the wild they have 30-40 years lifespan on average, yet it is not uncommon to find ones living over the age of 60.
Camel Chordata Mammalia Camelus Interspecies average of 40-50 years
Capybara Chordata Mammalia Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris

Hydrochoerus isthmus

(Lesser Capybaras)

8-10 years in the wild, given that they survive predators past the age of 4. In captivity, they will easily live for over 12 years.
Caracal Chordata Mammalia Caracal Caracal 12 years in the wild over 19 years in captivity
Carp Chordata Actinopterygii Hypophthalmichthys Species like Mirror Carp live for around 20 years while Silver Carps average lifespan is more than 12 years
Cassowary Chordata Aves Casuarius In the wild they easily live over 60 years. The oldest recorded Cassowary is 61 years old.
Cat Chordata Mammalia Felius Catus Studies have produced a wide range of lifespan, but typically Cats can live at an average of 7-17 years
Caterpillar Chordata Mammalia A caterpillar stage for most insects does not last longer than 12-21 days
Catfish Chordata Actinopterygii Ostariophysi


Ten years in captivity, 12-14 years for the ones homegrown in ponds, 15-20 years in the wild. Species like Wels catfish live well over 60 years.
Centipede Arthropoda Chilopoda A common one you find in the house may not live over one year, but most wild species will live over 4-5 years. It is a good lifespan among arthropods.
Chameleon Arthropoda Reptilia Chamaeleonidae Larger species (like a veiled chameleon) tend to live longer than smaller ones (carpet chameleon), and of course, they live longer in captivity than the in the wild.

2-3 years in the wild and 3-10 years in a wide range.

Cheetah Chordata Mammalia Acinonyx jubatus 10-12 years in the wild and over 20 years in captivity
Chicken Chordata Aves Gallus Gallus Domesticus 5-10 years on average. The world record for the oldest chicken is 16 years.
Chimpanzee Chordata Mammalia Pan troglodytes The average Chimpanzee’s lifespan is below 15 years. Chimpanzees who live past 12 years may easily pass the 27 years mark with some even living until 60 years of age
Chinchilla Chordata Mammalia Chinchilla Chinchilla

(Royal Chinchilla)

Chinchilla lanigera

(Long-tailed chinchilla)

8-10 years in the wild and 15-20 years in captivity if cared for properly.
Chipmunk Chordata Mammalia Family: Sciuridae

Genus: Tamian, Eutomias, and Neotamias

Eastern Chipmunks live over3 years in the wild and in captivity will reach the age of 8 years. Siberian Chipmunks, however, have a lifespan of 2-6 years in the wild and 6-10 years in captivity.
Civet Chordata Mammalia Vivveridae


More popular species like the African and Asian Civets live at an average of 15-20 years on average
Clam Mollusca Bivalvia Bivalvia Clams are a popular source of food, so; it is hard to put an estimate. There are clams that live at an average of 1 year. However, the oldest anima ever recorded was a Quahog clam believed to be 507 years old when it died in 2006 when researchers were trying to estimate it’s age.
Clown Fish Chordata Actinopterygii Amphiprioninae 3-5 years in captivity and 6-10 years in the wild.
Cobra Chordata Reptilia Elapidae

(Exception of some Snakes from other families)

King Cobras live up to 20 years in the wild, but captive cobras can live to be 30 years old.
Cockroach Arthropoda Insecta Blattodea (Order) Average of one year, even less without the availability of water
Coral Cnidaria Anthozoa Anthozoa Polyps live anywhere from 2 to 100 years and colonies will live from 5 to few centuries
Cougar Chordata Mammalia Puma 8-10 years in wild and 23.8 years in captivity
Cow Chordata Mammalia Bos Taurus Dairy cows live at an average of 5 years
Coyote Chordata Mammalia Canis Iatrans Wild Coyotes live for 6-8 years in the wild, but they may live twice as long in the captivity
Crab Chordata Mammalia Brachyura


Differs with species, blue crabs will live for no longer than 2-3 years while stone crabs last 7-8 years. The Japanese Spider crab can live over 100 years as well.
Crane Chordata Aves Gruidae Average 20-30 years in wild
Crocodile Chordata Reptilia Crocodylidae Average 30-40 years, even longer for larger species. Nile, Saltwater and Freshwater crocs may live an average of 60-70 years and have known to live past a 100
Cuscus Chordata Mammalia Phalengeridae


7-11 years average overall of species
Cuttlefish Mollusca Cephalopoda Sepia


1-2 years depending on the species

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